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The age-old myth that we need meat to be strong, build muscle and perform as athletes, has thankfully been squashed in recent years. Thanks to the many plant-based athletes across multiple disciplines, performing at the highest level, beating their competitors and smashing records, we have clear evidence of the effectiveness of veganism for athletes. Documentaries like The Game Changers have brought this information to the public and shone a light on all the high-performing plant-based athletes out there.
Does A Plant-Based Diet Improve Athletic Performance?
It can, but of course it needs to be done properly. There aren’t many athletes thriving on a plant-based diet of potato chips, sodas and vegan pizza. However, on a healthy whole food plant-based diet full of muscle-building proteins, energy-giving carbohydrates, and all the other essential nutrients available on a plant-based diet, an athlete can vastly improve their performance.
The Game Changers website outlines the facts when it comes to maximizing athletic performance on a plant-based diet!
Plant-Based Diet For Athletes
There is no one-size-fits-all diet for athletic performance – this of course depends on your discipline, what kind of body type you have and need, and your goals. For example, an ultra marathon runner will need a different combination of foods to a world record-breaking strongman. Put simply though, you can find all the essential building blocks for athletic performance on a plant-based diet.
Energy is essential to all athletic performance – without plenty of carbs there is no energy reserve for that last hard push!
Luckily, carbohydrates are around every corner on a vegan diet. They come in three groups: sugars, fibres and starch, and which of these carbohydrates you eat does matter. Sugars are simple carbs and can be useful for emergency energy, but they are of limited use to our bodies, and can cause adverse health effects. Starch and fiber are more complex carbohydrates however and these are what we want. Most breads, pasta, rice and potatoes, particularly the wholewheat or brown versions of these foods, will provide all the starchy carbs we need to perform. Fiber is covered by piling on the fruits and vegetables, as they have a healthy store of it in their cell walls. You also get the added benefit of a lower risk of bowel cancer, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Protein is our building block. It’s used by the body to build, repair and maintain cells, support cognitive function and give us energy.
For too long, getting enough protein has been solely associated with a meat- and dairy-based diet, but thankfully this crazy myth is fading from our common understanding. A plant-based diet can provide all 20 of the essential amino acid proteins required by our body for healthy function, and furthermore plant sources of protein are low in unwanted fats, cholesterol and other dietary bad guys.
Athletes can load their plates with beans, nuts, seeds, lentils and soy products, as well as other lower protein carbs like potato, oats, quinoa and more. These days there are also endless delicious and high protein meat-replacement products made of seitan (wheat protein), pea and soy proteins. The Beyond Burger for example, has 20g of protein and is free from soy, gmo and gluten, as well as being delicious.
Fat is essential for energy and cell growth, but it has to be the right kind of fat. The wrong fats can cause trouble for our bodies, including increased risk of heart disease, obesity and type 2 diabetes. Plant-based fats are nearly always monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, the good kind that will lower cholesterol. Bad fats, saturated and trans, tend to be found in meat, butter, and oils and will raise blood cholesterol.
Look for avocados, nuts and seeds for good fats.
Tia’s diet reflects the tropical nature of her sport. As a champion surfer she needs lots of energy so starts the day with fruits and banana ‘nice’ cream, with molasses for the extra iron and calcium. Lunch is often a stir fry with a tropical twist, adding fruits such as pineapple for extra vitamin C, and dinner is often sushi with all kinds of protein and fat-filled goodies like tofu, avocado, seaweed and green onion.
Torre is a plant-based body builder and winner of many competitions. He says he avoids calorie counting and just eats as continuously as he can – this is now second nature and he can respond to changes in his body with his diet. Firm favourites for him are protein-dense tofu and tempeh, as well as Japanese sweet potato, all kinds of fruits and vegetables and of course, all the greens.
One the world’s leading climbers, Steph keeps her life and diet simple and natural. Nothing processed or pre-made, Steph’s intake is based on simplicity and purity, sticking to natural foods such as nuts, seeds and fruits. She even dabbles in fermentation, adding delicious kimchi and gut-healthy kombucha into her routine.
Pat started his vegan journey as a way to get healthier and as a result noticed improved performance on the field. As a relief pitcher, he deals with high-pressure moments and says his vegan diet has increased his ability to focus and perform.
Pat starts the day with granola and a fruit smoothie with extra rice protein powder.
Molly’s preference for veg began at an early age, as she simply didn’t like meat. Now, she enjoys the lifestyle and says she just wants to do her bit for the planet. Her diet allows her to keep herself on the bike for at least 20-30 hours a week!
A prolific line-backer in the NFL, David went from eating six double cheeseburgers in an average day, to a clean and healthy plant-based diet. Before this transition, he suffered from tendonitis and fatigue but his vegan diet has him feeling stronger than ever.
David told GQ magazine what an average day of meals looks like:
- Oatmeal with hemp protein, bananas and berries for breakfast
- Brown rice and black beans topped with avocado and cashew cheese for lunch
- Couscous with onion and garlic, and spinach salad with bell peppers for dinner
After a diagnosis of a debilitating autoimmune disorder, tennis star Venus Williams turned to a raw food vegan diet, which helped relieve her symptoms. She prioritizes high-fiber foods, so starts the day with fruit or a protein shake, and drinks juices during the day. A big Caesar salad is a favorite for her evening meal.
Scott is an ultra marathon runner. These are no standard 26 mile marathons. Scott prefers to break records with his running – one of which is the fastest time running the mighty Appalachian Trail. He ran a mammoth 2,189 miles in 46 days, 8 hours and 7 minutes, all on a vegan diet.
Scott’s plant-based diet is no secret, he can be found in The Game Changers documentary talking about his diet as key to his success. On the trail it’s all about calories, and Scott put away between 6000-8000 calories a day doing the Apalchian trail, on a diet full of sports gels, fruit and energy bars. At home he is more relaxed and enjoys warming curries and soups full of beans and veggies.
Michaela has been vegan since 2012, and despite success, she has not always had the full support of coaches. She has experienced pressure to pile in meat and dairy based proteins, but her vegan will was too strong and she has since moved to more accepting environments. She’s even converting her boatmates to her calorie-rich diet of oatmeal, vegetables and more vegetables!
NASCAR may be synonymous with hot dogs on race day, but Ryan Reed has bravely bucked the trend and taken his plant-based diet to the NASCAR track. He was told in 2011 that he had type 1 diabetes and would never race again, but 10 years later, he is competing in the NASCAR Xinfinity series. He attributes his health and success to many factors, but his plant-based diet and regular exercise have played a key role.
I think we can all agree, even the most avid meat-eater wouldn’t get in the ring with plant-based Nate Diaz. After ditching meat before fights in an effort to have more energy, he realized his body didn’t like it when it was reintroduced – so he kicked it for good and has been performing at his peak ever since.
He now dines on plenty of vegetables, grains and fruits.
The pro wrestler packs in around 3000 calories a day to fuel his fights. He likes to incorporate all his favorite foods into this, including vegan mac n cheese, whole grain vegan pizza and smoothies. Austin shows that it’s not all nuts, seeds and beans!
Kendrick Farris is an olympic weightlifter who smashes his protein intake by choosing black beans, trail mix, all kinds of nuts such as almonds and cashews, and enjoys fresh fruits as snacks. Avocado quesadillas, guacamole and spinach lasagna, which are all full of good fats, help him achieve his dietary requirements. Farris says he doesn’t stick to any regime as he just eats when he’s hungry, which works for him!
An early adopter, Fiona declared she was a vegetarian at three years old, and at six removed all animal products from her diet. She is a staunch activist and freely admits that one of the main reasons she runs is to give a platform to this activism. She realized that marathon running was a popular sport, she was good at it, and therefore could use it to raise awareness for the sentient animals she wishes to protect.
Fiona takes the unique approach of eating only one meal a day, full of fresh vegetables, grains and beans. This approach is definitely not for everyone, but it works for her and allows her to keep up her amazing work for animals.
Endurance athlete, author and podcaster Rich Roll is the ultimate vegan guru. At 42 years old, he doesn’t look a day over 30 and regularly completes 40 mile runs, finishing them with six mile swims – all fueled by a vegan diet.
He starts the day with a juice filled with all kinds of fruit and green veg, then will often head to Chipotle for lunch, where you can get a big bowl of rice, beans and avo. Hard to beat!
The Brooklyn Nets point guard has removed all animal products from his diet in recent years. He says he needed to get away from eating ‘all that’ (animal products) and since doing so, his energy is up and he feels amazing.
The improvement in performance has been spotted too, with his coaches all supporting the move, saying he’s had great energy all year. All thanks to simple, delicious plants.
After three surgeries meant time off the field and out of the gym, Kaepernick switched to a plant-based diet. These events left him unsigned and there were many critics of Kaepernick’s dietary choice.
He has since proved everyone wrong, by returning to full fitness on a vegan diet and appearing to be stronger than ever. He credits much of his speedy recovery to his plant-based diet.
Australian sprinter Morgan Mitchel has been vegan for five years and says the biggest benefit has been speed recovery times from her brutal training programme. Because she trains so hard, Morgan packs in the calories and protein at breakfast time with a breakfast burrito full of beans, mushrooms, tofu and even Beyond Meat burger. She opts for seitan and salad at lunch for her protein hit and rounds of the day with a vegan buddha bowl.
Derrick and his wife Charity, featured in The Game Changers documentary. This vegan power couple together inspired many of the Tennessee Titans football team to become vegan by showing them how delicious plant-based food can be. Chef Charity has built a vegan catering business and regularly feeds the whole team in their Nashville home. Some of their favorite dishes are vegan buffalo wings, mac and cheese, enchiladas and lasagna. Derrick has said his former team mates couldn’t believe how delicious the food was, and were amazed by how much more energy they had.
As well as being an extremely nice guy, Patrik is a strongman beast. He packs in an incredible 410g of protein, more than seven times the recommended amount for most men. Patrik does this by getting in 5000 calories a day in the form of vegan sausages, falafel, tofu, protein shakes, fruit smoothies, vegetables and nuts.
Getting enough of the three dietary pillars of protein, carbohydrates and fats can not only be achieved, but can be delicious and practical. Nobody proves this more than the athletes mentioned above.
This list of titanic athletes, with all their achievements, show that thriving as an athlete on a plant-based diet is not only possible but surely preferable for high performance. If you need further convincing, head to Netflix and watch The Game Changers documentary.Try Vegan